BR 19:05, Oct 2003
Cyrus the Messiah
Why Isaiah calls a non-Jewish king of Persia Israels anointed one
The Persian emperor Cyrus is honored as the only foreigner in the Bible to be identified as the messiah or anointed one of YHWH, the Israelite God.1 Isaiah tells us that YHWH spoke to his messiah, to Cyrus, whom I [YHWH] took by his right hand to subdue nations before him (Isaiah 45:1).
The title messiah means anointed. It is an anglicization of the Hebrew meshiach (
jyvm). In Greek it is rendered Christos ( cristos)English Christ.