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How Pharaoh learned his lesson in Nineveh
Pharaoh in Nineveh? What are you talking about? Pharaoh was the king of Egypt.
All true, but that is the kind of imaginative leap that midrash can make. Midrash is the elaboration of Scripture by Jewish sages in the centuries following the Roman destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. The rabbis knew their text, all right—every letter of it. They asked all kinds of questions of the text. They saw all kinds of possibilities in it. They made all kinds of connections. Reading their midrashim, we not only marvel at their imagination and the connections they were able to make, but we also learn to understand the biblical text better. As they themselves put it, “Turn it and turn it again, for everything is in it.”1

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