BAR 38:04, Jul/Aug 2012
Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?
“In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, King Shishak of Egypt marched against Jerusalem.”
Did he really? If he did, this would be the earliest event in Biblical history for which we have a contemporaneous reference in an extrabiblical source.
And if he did, that can tell us, based on an extrabiblical source, when King Solomon ruled over a United Kingdom of Israel and Judah, for Rehoboam was Solomon’s son and king of Judah. And if we know when Solomon ruled, we would know when his father, King David, ruled (as well as when Rehoboam and the other kings of Israel and Judah ruled after him).a