BAR 25:03, May/Jun 1999
Excavating Hazor, Part Two: Did the Israelites Destroy the Canaanite City?
A fierce conflagration marked the end of Canaanite Hazor. Across the site, a thick layer of ashes and charred woodin places 3 feet deepattests to the intensity of the blaze in the northern Galilee city.
Within the walls of Hazors palace, the fire was especially fierce: The unusual amount of timber used in the construction of the building, and the large quantity of oil stored in huge pithoi (storage jars) throughout the palace, proved a fatal combinationcreating an inferno with temperatures exceeding 2350° Fahrenheit. In this intense heat, the palaces mudbrick walls vitrified, basalt slabs cracked, and clay vessels melted.