THE RENEWED EXCAVATIONS
The renewed excavations at Tel Beth-Shemesh began in 1990 under the direction of S. Bunimovitz and Z. Lederman. The 1990–1996 excavations were conducted on behalf of the Department of Land of Israel Studies at Bar-Ilan University; from 1995–1996 they were in collaboration with the Department of Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. From 1996 the expedition has collaborated with S. Weitzman of Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, and from 1997 it has been under the auspices of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University.
In 12 seasons of excavation, 2,600 sq m were excavated in seven areas (A–F, R2D2). The excavations concentrated mainly on the Iron Age levels; yet, in one area (R2D2), Middle Bronze Age remains were exposed in situ. The renewed excavations established the following Iron Age stratigraphy at the site: