With a verdict soon expected in the six-year-long Jerusalem trial to determine whether or not the James ossuary, the Yehoash tablet and other ancient artifacts were illegally forged, the articles below highlight the various scholarly and scientific arguments that have been made both for and against the authenticity of these remarkable finds. In addition, we list articles that conveniently summarize the major players and key developments in a trial that included 116 sessions, saw more than 130 witnesses called to the stand and produced nearly 12,000 pages of testimony. The articles were hand-selected by the Biblical Archaeology Review editors especially for members of the BAS Library.

The articles below were hand-selected by the Biblical Archaeology Review editors especially for members of the BAS Library.

  • Forgery Trial

The James Ossuary

Burial Box of James the Brother of Jesus

BAR 28:06, Nov/Dec 2002
By André Lemaire

Brother of Jesus Ossuary

BAR 29:04, Jul/Aug 2003
By Edward J. Keall

Summary report of the Examining Committees for the James Ossuary and Yehoash Inscription

BAR 29:05, Sep/Oct 2003

Final Blow to IAA Report

BAR 30:01, Jan/Feb 2004
By James A. Harrell



The Yehoash Tablet

Is It or Isn’t It?

BAR 29:02, Mar/Apr 2003
By Hershel Shanks

Don’t Rush to Judgment

BAR 30:02, Mar/Apr 2004
By David Noel Freedman

Strata: New Study Supports Authenticity of Yehoash Inscription

BAR 35:03, May/Jun 2009



Ivory Pomegranate and Other Antiquities

Probable Head of Priestly Scepter from Solomon’s Temple Surfaces in Jerusalem

BAR 10:01, Jan/Feb 1984
By André Lemaire

Forgery Hysteria Grips Israel

BAR 31:05, Sep/Oct 2005



Forgery Trial

The Other Shoe: Five Accused of Antiquities Fraud

BAR 31:02, Mar/Apr 2005

Strata: Forgery Case Collapses

BAR 35:01, Jan/Feb 2009

Strata: Forgery Trial Now in Hands of Judge

BAR 37:01, Jan/Feb 2011